EU ORGANIC CERTIFICATION FAQS

1) What does the organic logo of the European Union look like?

It is often named the “Euro-leaf”. It symbolizes the marriage of Europe (the stars derived from the European flag) and nature (the stylized leaf and the green color).

2) What is the meaning of the EU organic logo?

For processed products, the EU organic logo indicates that the product is in full conformity with the rules and conditions applicable to the production of processed food and that at least 95% of the ingredients of agricultural origin are organic. Next to the EU organic logo, a code number of the control body must be displayed and where the agricultural raw materials composing the product have been farmed.

3) What needs to be considered when using the EU organic logo?

The relevant EU legislation is Regulation (EU) No 2018/848. Moreover, the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development has developed a detailed user manual, which includes concrete guidelines for the use of the EU organic logo. The user manual is available for download on the EU Organic Farming Website at the following address:

https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/farming/organic-farming/organics-glance/organic-logo_en#displayingthelogo

4) Is the use of the EU organic logo compulsory and if yes, can it coexist with other national and private labels?

Where the terms referred to in Article 30(1) of Regulation (EU) No 2018/848 are used (e.g., organic, bio, eco…), the EU organic logo is compulsory for the labeling and advertising of organic prepackaged food products, which satisfy the requirements of the EU organic legislation see Article 32(1), point (b).

In compliance with Article 33(5), national and private logos can also be used and displayed on products that comply with the same Regulation.

5) For which products is the EU organic logo not to be used?

The EU organic logo cannot be used for products that are not covered by the scope of the EU organic legislation or that do not satisfy the requirements set out under Regulation (EU) No 2018/848. The EU organic logo shall not be used in the case of in-conversion products and processed food as referred to in Article 30(5), points (b) and (c), of Regulation (EU) No 2018/848, i.e., products containing less than 95% of organic ingredients or containing mainly products of hunting and fishing of wild animals.

Examples of use: Can the EU organic logo be used on the packaging material of the following products on condition that they satisfy the requirements set out under Regulation (EU) No 2018/848?

– Sardines in organic olive oil: NO

– Organic farming salmon: YES

– Organic wine: YES

– Soup made from organic vegetables: YES

– Wool from organic sheep: YES

– Milk from a dairy farm in the conversion period: NO

6) What additional information is mandatory when using the EU organic logo?

Whenever the EU organic logo is used on a product, it always must be accompanied by the code number of the control body and the place where the agricultural raw materials of which the product is composed have been farmed.

7) Where should the mandatory additional information be placed?

The code number of the control body or control authority shall be placed in the same visual field as the EU organic logo. Indication of the place of farming should appear directly below the reference to the control body. You can find it at the following address further information including a user manual:

https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/farming/organic-farming/organics-glance/organic-logo_en

8) How should the code number of the control body be displayed?

The code number shall appear as follows: AB-CDE-999 where “AB” is the ISO code for the country where the controls take place, “CDE” is a term establishing a link with the organic production like “bio” or “eco” and “999” is the attributed reference number composed of 1 to 3 digits.

9) How should the indication of origin and place of farming be displayed?

The indication of the place where the agricultural raw materials of which the product is composed have been farmed shall appear as follows:

• ‘EU Agriculture, where the agricultural raw material has been farmed in the EU;

• ‘non-EU Agriculture, where the agricultural raw material has been farmed in third countries;

• ‘EU/non-EU Agriculture’, where part of the agricultural raw materials has been farmed in the Union and part has been farmed in a third country. The indication ‘EU’ or ‘non-EU’ can be replaced or supplemented by a country where all agricultural raw materials of which the product is composed have been farmed in that country. For the above-mentioned ‘EU’ or ‘non-EU’ indication, small quantities by weight of ingredients can be disregarded provided that the total quantity of the disregarded ingredients does not exceed 5% of the total quantity by weight of raw materials of agricultural origin.

10) Is it compulsory to indicate the code number of the control body and the place of farming on the labeling of products where the EU organic logo is not used?

Yes. The code number of the control body must appear on all products using the terms referring to organic production, irrespective of the use of the EU organic logo. However, the place of farming is compulsory only when the logo is used.

11) Is there a database or catalog of companies producing organic certified products available on the Europa website?

Not yet. However, a list of approved control bodies and control authorities in charge of controls is available on the EU organic website. These control bodies can be distinguished by the code number that is displayed under the EU organic logo. By visiting the websites of these approved control bodies and control authorities, you can access a list of operators and the products they produce and are certified organic.

EU organic website: http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/ofis_public/index.cfm

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