ORGANIC FARMING AND BREEDING PRACTICES

Organic raising and breeding of animals respects their natural habits and so does organic farming. The benefits are many: for the protection of the environment, for animal welfare, and for end consumers, who enjoy the high quality of organic products.

All the techniques of organic breeding have the sole purpose of ensuring that the growth and behavior of the animals take place in a totally natural way. To make this possible, livestock is fed organic food and kept grazing in territories that are cared for without the use of pesticides. In Europe more and more people care about animal welfare and the number of farms that use this typology is increasing.

Organic farming aims to respect the animal and the environment in which it lives. The European Parliament has issued the recent regulation 848/2018 valid from 1 January 2021 which defines in detail the rules of organic farming, to ensure fair competition between breeders and farmers and preserve consumer confidence.

Let’s see the main points that must be respected in an organic farm:

  • The reproduction of animals must take place in a totally natural way, therefore without the use of hormones or chemicals;
  • Feeding must respect the growth stages of animals, which can only be fed with organic products;
  • Animals must have access to water in complete freedom;
  • The number of animals must be proportionate to the size of the territory available;
  • The breeds bred must originate from the same geographical area as the pasture, in order to integrate better into the environment;
  • The transport of animals must be as short as possible, so as to avoid straining livestock;
  • The territory must be treated only with natural products, thus avoiding the use of pesticides or GMOs.

Some rules change depending on the type of farm. For example, the number of hens that can be reared is different from the number of pigs or cattle allowed for the same territory. These differences are always motivated on the basis of the needs and well-being of the specific animal breed.

In the EU the number of companies that deal with organic farming is increasing. This animal husbandry includes various types of farming: organic cattle, pig, sheep, goat, and equine farms, organic poultry farms, and organic beekeeping.

Organic agricultural land is intended to produce olive oil – a condiment also used for preservation in oil – while 28% is occupied by meadows and pastures for organic farming. Organic farms are designed as a perfect synthesis between animal welfare and environmental well-being, a balance that is increasingly necessary to preserve.  

 According to the “Bioreport” of Federbio, 34% of consumers are driven to buy organic products for the low environmental impact, thanks to the reduced use of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers, in favor of practices that respect the environment. In addition, organic farming prevents the erosion of land thus preventing the erosion of soil.

Increasing the quality of life of the animal is equivalent to an increase in the quality of products. Organic farming, therefore, becomes the ideal alternative for the protection of the environment and biodiversity.

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  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

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